Posts Tagged ‘Schwarzschild’

Emmy and Albert knew each other very well. However Einstein never incorporated seriously the brilliant ideas of Emmy Noether. On the homepage of this site we organised and filmed a short virtual debate between the two. So herewith we correct history afterwards for the better of Physics! The film is going pretty...

Black Hole Singularities and Wormholes: Albert Einstein would have warned against them and Karl Schwarzschild would have corrected these ideas, caused by errors. This article explains extensively the history behind these errors and also how they must be repaired. It turns out that a so called Event horizon belongs in...

Contrary to popular believe, there are many Schwarzschild Solutions. Karl himself found one to a mass-point and one to a sphere of in-compressible liquid early 1916. After Karl’s death Einstein made important changes in his  official publication: he abandoned his g = -1 requirement in a footnote. Nobody checked...

Einstein used a complicated set of tensors in his General Relativity. However in his writing in 1916 he used a Laplace operator, which can help us to determine the gravitational potential inside a sphere without having to go into his field equations. Many surprising results: The behaviour of clocks is in line with all...

Einstein’s publication in the ‘Annalen der Physik’ urged many scientists to work. Did you know that there are five different Schwarzschild Solutions? How do you know which one is right? This article presents you three ways to check the outcome: The General Relativity Principles, the GR field equations and the Laplace...

In his theory of General Relativity, Einstein replaced the Lorentz transformation by the Minkowski formula. He also introduced the variable speed of light in gravitation. This is unnecessary and untenable: it is  in conflict with Noether’s theorem on energy and momentum conservation. The authors use the ‘time’...

Einstein’s General Relativity contains the Laplace operator of a sphere of incompressible liquid. It links the time-like solution (how fast does the clock tick) directly with the gravitational potential: no need for using tensor operations. He never applied it to the potential inside a sphere. This article is doing...

The cause of the high temperature of the inner core of the earth is currently thought to be radioactive decay and residual heat. This article provides a different explanation: Energy conservation. Imagine a tunnel through the earth and calculate the potential energy of a molecule at the surface and in the core. You...

Long after Einstein’s death, Shapiro sent a radar signal to Venus, in its position opposite of the sun, and half an hour later received it back. With this astonishing experiment he proved part of the delay (190 microsec) was caused by the gravitation of the sun.   Eddington, expert in Einstein’s theory of General...

It all starts with Emmy Noether (1882 – 1935), a brilliant mathematician, creating one of the pillars of physics: defining reference frames within which energy and momentum conservation can be proven. In 1918 Noether’s theorem was published, more than a year after Einstein published his theory of General...