Posts Tagged ‘Schwarzschild’

Einstein wrote about the influence of gravitation on time in his theory of General Relativity. Then came Emmy Noether’s theorem: Energy conservation demands invariance of the constants of nature, like the speed of light. She wrote to Einstein that his theory cannot guarantee energy conservation in strong...

Einstein published his theory of General Relativity (GR) in stages. Based on these publications, Karl Schwarzschild found two exact solutions in January and February 1916. However, on May the 11th of that year, Einstein published his official GR – with important changes effecting both of Karl’s exact...

Few people understand Einstein’s theories, his errors, and his changes of mind. Karl Schwarzschild did, but Einstein changed his 1915 version of his theory of General Relativity a year later, around the time of Karl’s death. J. Droste was the first to publish the Schwarzschild Solution based on...

The ‘photo’ of the black hole in M87 is already iconic. The ‘Event Horizon telescope’ gave us a valuable look on the enormous object. But what do we see?ETH think it is the accretion disk (sending radiowaves) around the event horizon of a singularity. This conflicts with physics, Karl Schwarzschild and...

The temperature of Neptune’s upper atmosphere is very low, but high activity levels like geysers were seen by Voyager 2 in 1989. Surprising because current publications estimate the core temperature at only about 5,400 [Kelvin].However, based on Noether’s theorem of energy conservation the core must be...

  The ‘Event Horizon Telescope’ presented us with a stunning view of a black hole, far, far away in galaxy M87. A great and valuable result! Important to mention that the suggestion of Event Horizon positioned outside of a black hole is a myth, not supported by any theoretical or observational...

Emmy and Albert knew each other very well. However Einstein never incorporated seriously the brilliant ideas of Emmy Noether. On the homepage of this site we organised and filmed a short virtual debate between the two. So the film corrects history afterwards, for the better of Physics! Because the film is going pretty...

Black Hole Singularities and Wormholes: Albert Einstein would have warned against them and Karl Schwarzschild would have corrected these ideas, caused by errors. This article explains extensively the history behind these errors and also how they must be repaired. It turns out that a so called Event horizon belongs in...

Contrary to popular believe, there are many Schwarzschild Solutions. Karl himself found one to a mass-point and one to a sphere of in-compressible liquid early 1916. After Karl’s death Einstein made important changes in his  official publication: he abandoned his g = -1 requirement in a footnote. Nobody checked...

Einstein used a complicated set of tensors in his General Relativity. However in his writing in 1916 he used a Laplace operator, which can help us to determine the gravitational potential inside a sphere without having to go into his field equations. Many surprising results: The behaviour of clocks is in line with all...